Publications

Haber, A.I., Sims, J.W., Mescher, M.C., De Moraes, C.M., and D. E. Carr. 2021. A sensory bias overrides learned preferences of bumblebees for honest signals in Mimulus guttatus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288: 20210161.

Haynes, K.J., and B.A. Robertson. 2021. A transdisciplinary research agenda for understanding insect responses to ecological light pollution informed by evolutionary trap theory. Current Opinion in Insect Science 45: 91-96.

Rutledge, S.L., Carr, D.E., Hauber, M.E., and D. Hanley. 2021. Best of a bad job or masters of illusion: Do nest light conditions make the eggs of brood parasitic brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) more similar to the eggs of their hosts? Ethology 127: 117-124.

Walter, J.A., Rodenberg, C.A., Stovall, A.E., Nunez-Mir, G.C., Onufrieva, K.S., and D.M. Johnson 2021. Evaluating the success of treatments that slow spread of an invasive insect pest. Pest Management Science 77: 4607-4613.

Firebaugh, A., and K.J. Haynes. 2020. Multiyear experiment shows no impact of artificial light at night on arthropod trophic structure or abundance. Ecosphere 11: e03227.

LeCroy, K.A., Savoy-Burke, G., Carr, D.E., Delaney, D.A., and T.H. Roulston. 2020. Decline of six native mason bee species following the arrival of an exotic congener. Scientific Reports 10: 18745.

Cook, B., Haverkamp, A., Hansson, B.S., Roulston, T.H., Lerdau, M., and M. Knaden. 2020. Pollination in the Anthropocene: a Moth can Learn Ozone-altered Floral Blends. Journal of Chemical Ecology 46: 987-996.

Firebaugh A., Touchon, J., Orndorf, H., and Wojdak, J. 2020. Using images of foraging leaf-cutter ants to teach linear regression. CourseSource: https://doi.org/10.24918/cs.2020.32

Haber, A.I., Sims, J.W., Mescher, M.C., De Moraes, C.M., and D.E. Carr. 2019. A key floral scent component (β-trans-bergamotene) drives pollinator preferences independently of pollen rewards in Mimulus guttatus. Functional Ecology 33: 218-228.

Hey, M.H., DiBiase, E., Roach D.A., Carr, D.E., and K.J. Haynes. 2020. Interactions between artificial light at night, soil moisture, and plant density affect the growth of a perennial wildflower.  Oecologia 193:503-510.

Thuma, J., Roulston, T.H., and L. Blum. 2020. Implications of sea level rise for bee communities in rural eastern Virginia coastal habitats. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 92, 602-616.

Woodworth, G.R., Ward, J.N., and D.E. Carr.  2020. Exotic tree and shrub invasions alter lead-litter microflora and arthropod communities. Oecologia 193:177-187.

Firebaugh, A., and K.J. Haynes. 2019. Light pollution may create demographic traps for nocturnal insects. Basic and Applied Ecology 34: 118-125.

Haber AI, JW Sims, MC Mescher, CM De Moraes, DE Carr. 2019. A key floral scent component (β-trans-bergamotene) drives pollinator preferences independently of pollen rewards in Mimulus guttatus. Functional Ecology 33:218-228.

Haynes, K.J., and A. Firebaugh. 2019. Light pollution may inhibit firefly courtship flashing and mating success: Response to Lewis and Owens (2019). Basic and Applied Ecology 35: 67-69.

Haynes, K.J., Walter, J.A., and A.M. Liebhold. 2019. Population spatial synchrony enhanced by periodicity and low detuning with environmental forcing. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286: 20182828.

Huelsman, K. 2019. Utilizing ecosystem function multifunctionality to assess supporting ecosystem services of three land-use types in Northwestern Virginia. University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, M.S. Thesis.

Struckman, A., Couture, J.J., LaMar, M.D., and H.J. Dalgleish. 2019. The demographic effects of functional traits: an integral projection model approach reveals population-level consequences of reproduction-defence trade-offs. Ecology Letters 22: 1396-1406.

Yu, K, P D'Odorico, S Collins, D Carr, A Porporato, W Anderegg, W Gilhooly III, L Wang, A Bhattachan, M Bartlett, S Hartzell, J Yin, Y He, J Fuentes.  2019.  The competitive advantage of CAM plants over the C4 grasses under drought and CO2 enrichment.  Ecosphere 10: e02721. 10.1002/ecs2.2721.

Haber, A.I., J.R. Sustache, and D.E. Carr. 2018. A generalist and specialist herbivore are differentially affected by inbreeding and trichomes in Mimulus guttatus. Ecosphere 9: article e02130.

Carter, S.K., D. Vodopich, and P.W. Crumrine. 2018. Heterogeneity in body size and habitat complexity influence community structure. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 33: 239-249.  

Haynes, K.J., J.C. Tardif, and D. Parry. 2018. Drought and surface-level solar radiation predict the severity of outbreaks of a widespread defoliating insect. Ecosphere 9: article e02387.

Malfi, R.L., J.A. Walter, T.H. Roulston, C. Stuligross, S. McIntosh, and L. Bauer. 2018. The influence of conopid flies on bumblebee colony productivity under different food resource conditions. Ecological Monographs 88: 653-671.   

Nilsen, E.T., C.D. Huebner, D.E. Carr, and Z. Bao. 2018. Interactions between Ailanthus altissima and native Robinia pseudoacacia in early succession: implications for forest management. Forests 9: doi:10.3390/f9040221

Wise, M.J. 2018. The notoriously destructive potato stalk borer (Trichobaris trinotata) has negligible impact on its native host, Solanum carolinense (horsenettle). Arthropod-Plant Interactions 12:385-394.

Yu, K., D.E. Carr, W. Anderegg, K. Tuly, and P. D'Odorico. 2018. Response of a facultative CAM plant and its competitive relationship with a grass to changes in rainfall regime. Plant and Soil 427: 321-333.

Aneece, I., H. Epstein, and M. Lerdau. 2017. Correlating species and spectral diversities using hyperspectral remote sensing in early-successional fields. Ecology and Evolution 7: 3475-3488.

Haynes, K.J., A.M. Liebhold, O.N. Bjornstad, A.J. Allstadt, and R.S. Morin. 2017. Geographic variation in forest composition and precipitation predict the synchrony of forest insect outbreaks. Oikos 127: 634-642.

Roulston, T.H., Cruz Maysonet, S., Moorhouse, A, Lee, S. and A.N. Emerson. 2017. Natural history of Symmetrischema lavernella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): a moth with two feeding strategies and the ability to induce fruit formation in the absence of pollination. The Canadian Entomologist 149: 326-337.   

Walter, J.A., D.M. Johnson, and K.J. Haynes. 2017. Spatial variation in Allee effects     influences patterns of range expansion. Ecography, 179-188.

Yu, K., P. D'Orico, D.E. Carr, A. Personius, and S.L. Collins. 2017. The effect of nitrogen availability and water conditions on competition between facultative CAM plant and an invasive grass. Ecology and Evolution 7:7739-7749.    

Aneece, I., and H. Epstein. 2016. Identifying invasive plant species using field spectroscopy in the VNIR region in successional systems of north-central Virginia. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 38: 100-122.  

Aneece, I.P. 2016. Assessing the role of invasive species in successional plant communities using hyperspectral remote sensing. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Virginia. 

Atkins, J. 2016. Landscape controls of complex terrain and vegetation heterogeneity on carbon cycling in a humid temperate watershed in West Virginia. 2016. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Virginia. 

De Palma, A. ...Roultston, T.H. et al. 2016. Predicting bee community responses to land-use changes: effects of geographic and taxonomic biases. Scientific Reports. doi:10.1038/srep31153.

Firebaugh, A.L., and K.J. Haynes. 2016. Experimental tests of light pollution impacts on nocturnal insect courtship and dispersal. Oecologia 182: 1203-1211.

Fuentes, J.D., Chamecki, M, Roulston, T.H., Chen, B., and K. Pratt. 2016. Air pollutants degrade floral scents and increase foraging times. Atmospheric Environment 141: 361-374.  

Walter, J., J.C. Neblett, J. Atkins, and H.E. Epstein. 2016. Regional- and watershed-scale analysis of red spruce habitat in the southeastern United States: implications for future restoration efforts. Plant Ecology, DOI: 10.1007/s11258-016-0687-5.   

Walter, J.A., A.L. Firebaugh, P.C. Tobin, and K.J. Haynes. 2016. Invasion in patchy landscapes is affected by dispersal mortality and mate-finding failure. Ecology 97: 3389-3401.

Wise, M.J., and M.D. Rausher. 2016. Costs of resistance and correlational selection in the multiple-herbivore community of Solanum carolinense. Evolution 70: 2411-20.    

Allstadt, A.J., A.M. Liebhold, D.M. Johnson, R.E. Davis, and K.J. Haynes. 2015. Temporal variation in the synchrony of weather and its consequences for spatiotemporal population dynamics. Ecology 96: 2935-2946.   

Aneece, I.P, and H. Epstein. 2015. Distinguishing early successional plant communities using ground-level hyperspectral data. Remote Sensing 7: 16588-16606.    

Ayturk, D.G., A.M. Castrucci, D.E. Carr, S.R. Keller, and I. Provencio. 2015. Lack of melanopsin Is associated with extreme weight loss in mice upon dietary challenge. PLoS ONE 10: e0127031.

Carr, D.E., A.I. Haber, K.A. LeCroy, D.E. Lee, and R.I. Link. 2015. Variation in reward quality and pollinator attraction: The consumer does not always get it right. AoB Plants doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plv034.

Davis, SE., R.L. Malfi, and T.H. Roulston. 2015. Species differences in bumblebee immune response predict developmental success of a parasitoid fly. Oecologia 178: 1017-1032.

Gibson, J.F., A.D. Slatosky, R.L. Malfi, T.H. Roulston, and S.E. Davis. 2014. Eclosion of Physocephala tibialis (Say) (Diptera: Conopidae) from a Bombus (Apidae: Hymenoptera) host: a video record. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 145: 51-60.

Hughes, J.S., C.A. Cobbold, K. Haynes, and G. Dwyer. 2015. Effects of forest spatial structure on insect outbreaks: insights from host-parasitoid models. American Naturalist 185: E130-E152.  

Malfi, R.L. 2015. Bumblebee Population Dynamics: Assessing Risks Associated with Resource Availability and Parasitism. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Virginia.    

Walter, J.A., D.M. Johnson, P.C. Tobin, and K.J. Haynes. 2015. Population cycles produce periodic range boundary pulses. Ecography 38: 1-12.  

Wayland, H., R. Manderino, T.O. Crist, and K.J. Haynes. 2015. Microbial pesticide application during defoliator outbreaks may reduce loss of regional forest beetle richness. Ecosphere 6: article 93.

Carr, D.E., and M.D. Eubanks. 2014. Interactions between insect herbivores and plant mating systems. Annual Review of Entomology 59: 185-203.

Carr, D.E., T.H. Roulston, and H. Hart. 2014. Inbreeding in Mimulus guttatus reduces visitation by bumble bee pollinators. PLoS One 9: 1-9.

Cruz-Maysonet, S. 2014. Mechanisms maintaining two feeding strategies in the moth Symmetrischema lavernella. M.S. Thesis, University of Virginia.

Hajek, A.E., P.C. Tobin, and K.J. Haynes. 2014. Replacement of a dominant viral pathogen by a fungal pathogen does not alter the collapse of a regional forest insect outbreak. Oecologia 177: 785-797.    

Haynes, K.J., A.J. Allstadt, and D. Klimetzek. 2014. Forest defoliator outbreaks under climate change: effects on the frequency and severity of outbreaks of five pine insect pests: effects on frequency and severity of outbreaks of five pine insect pests. Global Change Biology 20: 2004-2018.

Malfi, R.L., and T.H. Roulston. 2014. Patterns of parasitism in bumblebees (Bombus spp.) of northern Virginia. Ecological Entomology 39: 17-29. 

Malfi, R.L., S.E. Davis, and T.H. Roulston. 2014. Parasitoid fly induces manipulative grave-digging behavior differentially across its bumblebee hosts. Animal Behaviour 92: 213-220.    

Manderino, R., T.O. Crist, and K.J. Haynes. 2014. Lepidoptera-specific insecticide used to suppress gypsy moth outbreaks may benefit non-target forest Lepidoptera. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 16: 359-368.   

Stock, A.J., B.E. Campitelli, and J.R. Stinchcombe. 2014. Quantitative genetic variance and multivariate clines in the Ivyleaf morning glory, Ipomoea hederacea. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 369:20130259.    

Thompson, L. 2014. Forest edges enhance mate finding in the European gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. M.S. Thesis. Virginia Commonwealth University.   

Walter, J.A. 2014. Spatiotemporal variability in the invasion dynamics of the gypsy moth. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Virginia. 

Walter, J.A., M.S. Meixler, T. Mueller, W.F. Fagan, P.C. Tobin, and K.J. Haynes. 2014. How topography induces reproductive asynchrony and alters gypsy moth invasion dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology 84: 188-198.  

Wojcikiewicz, J. 2014. Indirect effects between deer, mice, and the gypsy moth in a forest community. M.S. Thesis. Virginia Commonwealth University.   

Yeamans, R.L., T.H. Roulston, and D.E. Carr. 2014. Pollen quality for pollinators tracks pollen quality for plants in Mimulus guttatus. Ecosphere 5: 91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00099.1

Wise, M.J., and M.D. Rausher. 2013. Evolution of resistance to a multiple-herbivore community: genetic correlations, diffuse coevolution, and constraints on the plant’s response to selection. Evolution. 67:1767-1779.   

Allstadt, A., K.J. Haynes, A.M. Liebhold, and D.M. Johnson. 2013. Long-term shifts in the cyclicity of outbreaks of a forest-defoliating insect. Oecologia 172: 141-151.

Barry, K. 2013. Competitive response of invasive plant species to neighbor presence, identity, and phenology across two growing seasons. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland.   

Campitelli, B.E. 2013. Ecological, physiological, and molecular population genetics of a single-locus leaf shape cline in ivyleaf morning glory, Ipomoea hederacea. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Toronto.  

Campitelli, B.E., and J. R. Stinchcombe. 2013. Testing potential selectice agents acting on leaf shape in Ipomoea hederaceae: predictions based on an adaptive lead shape cline. Ecology and Evolution 8: 2409-2423.  

Campitelli, B.E., and J.R. Stinchcombe. 2013. Natural selection maintains a single-locus leaf shape cline in Ivyleaf morning glory, Ipomoea hederacea. Molecular Ecology 22: 552-564. 

Carr, D.E. 2013. A multidimensional approach to understanding floral function and form. American Journal of Botany 100:1002-1004.   

Colautti, R.I., S.C.H. Barrett. 2013. Rapid adaptation to climate facilitates range expansion of an invasive plant. Science 342: 364-366.

Dai, C. and L. F. Galloway. 2013. Sexual selection in a hermaphroditic plant through female reproductive success. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 2622-2632.   

Dai, C., and L. F. Galloway. 2013. Sexual selection in a hermaphroditic plant: pollination and resource manipulation. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 2622-2632.

Elderd, B.D., B.J. Rehill, K.J. Haynes, and G. Dwyer. 2013. Insect outbreaks, host-pathogen interactions, and induced plant defenses. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110: 14978-14983.

Evans, G. A., F. F. Kilkenny, and L. F. Galloway. 2013. Evolution of competitive ability within Lonicera japonicas invaded range. International Journal of Plant Sciences 174: 740-748.

Fuentes, J.D., T.H. Roulston, and J. Zenker. 2013. Ozone impedes the ability of an herbivore to find its host. Environmental Research Letters 8. Published Online: DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014048.    

Haynes, K.J., O.N. Bjornstad, A. Allstadt, and A.M. Liebhold. 2013. Geographical variation in the spatial synchrony of a forest-defoliating insect: isolation of spatial and environmental drivers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280, 20130112.    

Kilkenny, F. F., and L. F. Galloway. 2013. Adaptive divergence at the margin of an invaded range. Evolution 67: 722-731. 

Lovely, K.R., W.J. McShea, N.W. Lafon, and D.E.Carr. 2013. Land parcelization and deer population densities in a rural county of Virginia. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37: 360-367.   

Low, C., S.P. Ellner, and M.H. Holden. 2013. Optimal control and cold war dynamics between plant and herbivore. The American Naturalist 182: E25-E39. 

Malfi, R., and T.H. Roulston. 2013. Patterns of parasitism in bumble bees (Bombus spp.) of northern Virginia. Ecological Entomology 39: 17-29. 

Manderino, R. 2013. Effects of gypsy-moth defoliation and Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki treatments on native forest moth diversity and abundance. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia.

McCall, A.C., and D.E. Carr. 2013. Does inbreeding affect tolerance to inflorescence damage in Mimulus guttatus? The Open Ecology Journal 6:1-16. 

McFrederick, Q.S., Roulston, T.H., and D.R. Taylor. 2013. Evolution of associates of solitary and social sweat bees. Insect Sociaux 60: 309-317. McFrederick, Q.S., T.H. Roulston, and D.R. Taylor. 2013. Evolution of conflict and cooperation of nematodes associated with solitary and social sweat bees. Insectes Sociaux 60: 309-317. 

Minckley, R.L., T.H. Roulston, and N. Williams. 2013. Resource assurance predicts specialist and generalist bee activity in drought. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 280: 20122703. 

Walter, J.A., and R.V. Platt. 2013. Multi-temporal analysis reveals that predictors of mountain pine beetle infestation change during outbreak cycles. Forest Ecology and Management 302: 308-318.

Wang, J., H. Epstein, and L. Wang. 2013. Estimating carbon source-sink transition during secondary succession in a Virginia valley. Plant and Soil 362: 135-147.

Dai, C. and L. F. Galloway. 2012. Male flowers are better fathers than hermaphroditic ones in andromonoecious Passiflora incarnata. New Phytologist 193: 787-796.  

Haynes, K.J., Liebhold, A.M., and D.M. Johnson. 2012. Elevational gradient in the cyclicity of a forest-defoliating insect. Population Ecology 54: 239-250.

Liebhold, A.M., K.J. Haynes, and O.N. Bjornstad. 2012. Spatial synchrony of insect outbreaks. In: Insect Outbreaks Revisited. Barbosa, P. (ed.). Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.

Low, C. 2012. An experimental test of the seismic behaviors of Antispila nysaefoliella (Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae) to vibrational stimuli. Florida Entomologist 95: 16-20.    

Low, C. and D. Hanley. 2012. A perspective on the importance of within-tree variation in mortality risk for a leaf-mining insect. Web Ecology 12: 27-32.  

Low, C., S.J. Scheffer, M.L. Lewis, M.W. Gates. 2012. The relationship between variable host grouping and functional responses among parasitoids of Antispila nysaefoliella (Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae). Molecular Ecology 21: 5892-5904.   

Roulston, T.H., and R. Malfi. 2012. Aggressive eviction of the eastern carpenter bee (Xylocopa virginica (Linnaeus)) from its nest by the giant resin bee (Megachile sculpturalis Smith). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 85: 387-389. 

Dai, C. 2011. Sexual selection in a hermaphroditic plant. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Biology, University of Virginia.    

Dai, C., and L. F. Galloway. 2011. Do dichogamy and herkogamy reduce sexual interference in a self-incompatible species? Functional Ecology 25: 271-278.  

Elton, E.E. 2011. The role of ozone in the succession of native and invasive species in Mid-Atlantic forests. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia.

Evans, G. A. 2011. Intraspecific competition in Lonicera japonica. M.A. thesis. Department of Biology, University of Virginia.    

Howard, A. 2011. Fitness, pollen dispersal, and floral display size evolution in animal pollinated plants. Ph.D. Dissertation. Georgetown University.

Ivey, C.T., and D.E. Carr. 2011. Tests for the joint evolution of mating system and drought escape in Mimulus. Annals of Botany 109:583-598.

Priest, A.C., and H.E. Epstein. 2011. Native grass restoration in Virginia old fields. Castanea 76: 149-156.    

Wise, M.J., J.V. Vu, and D.E. Carr. 2011. Potential ecological constraints on the evolution of gynodioecy in Mimulus guttatus: relative fecundity and pollinator behavior in a mixed-sex population. International Journal of Plant Sciences 172:199-210.

Yeamans, R.L. 2011. Ecological and Evolutionary Shifts in Pollen Chemistry and Their Implications for Pollinators. M.S. Thesis, University of Virginia. 

Johnson, D.M., U. Buntgen, D.C. Frank, K. Kausrud, K.J. Haynes, A.M. Liebhold, J. Esper, and N.C. Stenseth. 2010. Climatic warming disrupts recurrent Alpine insect outbreaks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 20576-20581.  

Low, C. 2010. The presence of active larvae delays the emergence of conspecifics in the tupelo leafminer, Antispila nysaefoliella. Evolutionary Ecology Research 12: 545-553.  

OHalloran, L.R., and D.E. Carr. 2010. Phenotypic plasticity and inbreeding depression in Mimulus ringens (Phrymaceae). Evolutionary Ecology Research 12:617-632.

Ribeiro da Luz, B., and J.K. Crowley. 2010. Identification of plant species by using high spatial and spectral resolution thermal infrared imagery. Remove Sensing of Environment 114: 404-413.  

Wang, J. 2010. Carbon cycling and vegetation dynamics during old field succesion. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia.    

Wang, J., H.E. Epstein, and L. Wang. 2010. Carbon cycling of succesional fields in Shenandoah Valley, northern Virginia. JGR-Biogeosciences 115: G02005.    

Warchola, N. 2010. Butterfly movement in a post agricultural landscape. Ph.D. Dissertation. Stony Brook University. 

Williams, N.M., E.E. Crone, T.H. Roulston, R.L. Minckley, L. Packer, S.G. Potts. 2010. Biological Conservation 143: 2280-2291.

Wise, M.J. 2010. Diffuse interactions between two herbivores and constraints on the evolution of resistance in horsenettle (Solanum carolinense). Arthropod-Plant Interactions 4:159-164.    

Wise, M.J. 2010. Limenitis arthemis astyanax (Fabricius) (Nymphalidae) sipping cercopid spittle on tall goldenrod, Solidago altissima L. (Asteraceae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 64:217-218.

Wise, M.J., Abrahamson, W.G., and J.A. Cole. 2010. The role of nodding stems in the goldenrod-gall-fly interaction: a test of the ducking hypothesis. American Journal of Botany 97: 525.529.

Wise, M.J., and J.B. Hebert. 2010. Herbivores exert natural selection for floral-sex ratio in a field population of horsenettle, Solanum carolinense. Ecology 91:937-943.    

Wise, M.J., Cole, J.A., and D.E. Carr. 2010. A field study of potential costs of resistance by stem ducking in tall goldenrod, Solidago altissima. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 136:271-280.    

Haynes, K.J., A.M. Liebhold, T.M. Fearer, G. Wang, G.W. Norman, and D.M. Johnson. 2009. Spatial synchrony propagates through a forest food web via consumer-resource interactions. Ecology 90: 2974-2983.  

Ivey, C.T., D.E. Carr, and M.D. Eubanks. 2009. Genetic variation and constraints on the evolution of defense against spittlebugs (Philaenus spumarius) herbivory in Mimulus guttatus. Heredity 102: 303-311.

Julier, E. and T.H. Roulston. 2009. Wild Bee Abundance and Pollination Service in Cultivated Pumpkins: Farm Management, Nesting Behavior and Landscape Effects. Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 563-573.

Low, C., S. Wood, and R. M. Nisbet. 2009. The effects of group size, leaf size, and density on the performance of a leaf-mining moth. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 152-160.

McFrederick, Q.S., J.D. Fuentes, T.H. Roulston, J.C. Kathilankal, and M. Lerdau. 2009. Effects of air pollution on biogenic volatiles and ecological interactions. Oecoloia 160: 411-420.

Van Dyke, M. 2009. An analysis of substrate preferences and soil management considerations for ground nesting bees. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA. 

Wise, M. J. 2009. Competition among herbivores of Solanum carolinense as a constraint on the evolution of host-plant resistance. Evolutionary Ecology. 23: 347-361.

Wise, M.J. 2009. To duck or not to duck: resistance advantages and disadvantages of the candy-cane stem phenotype in tall goldenrod, Solidago altissima. New Phytologist 183:900-907.   

Bowne, D.R. 2008. Terrestrial activity of Chrysemys picta in northern Virginia. Copeia. 2008. 306-310.

Ghent, R. 2008. Two studies in intercropped sunflowers, beans, and squash. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Heckman, R. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Low, C. 2008. Grouping increases visual detection by specialist parasitoids. Behavioral Ecology 19: 532-538.  

Low, C. 2008. Seismic behaviors of a leafminer, Antispila nysaefoliella (Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae). Florida Entomologist 91: 604-609.

Wise, M. J., J. J. Cummins, and C. De Young. 2008. Compensation for floral herbivory in Solanum carolinense: identifying mechanisms of tolerance. Evolutionary Ecology 22:19-37. 

Wise, M.J., and D.E. Carr. 2008. On quantifying tolerance of herbivory for comparative analysis. Evolution 62: 2429-2434.    

Emanuel, R.E., P. D'Odorico, and H.E. Epstein. 2007. A dynamic soil water threshold for vegetation water-stress derived from stomatal conductance models. Water Resources Research 43, doi:10.1029/2005WR00483    

Julier, E. 2007. The Effects of Tillage, Irrigation and Landscape Structure on Bee Abundance in Pumpkin. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA. 

Kremen, C., N. M. Williams, M. A. Aizen, B. Gemmill-Heren, G. LeBuhn, R. Minckley, L. Packer, S. G. Potts, T. Roulston, I. Steffan-Dewenter, D. P. Vazquez, R. Winfree, L. Adams, E. E. Crone, S. S. Greenleaf, T. H. Keitt, A. Klein, J. Regetz, and T. Ricketts. 2007. Pollination and other ecosystem services provided by mobile organisms: a conceptual framework for the effects of land use change. Ecology Letters Letters 10:299-314.

Roulston, T. H., S. A. Smith, and A. L. Brewster. 2007. A comparison of pan trap and intensive net sampling techniques for documenting a bee fauna. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 80: 179-181.

Wang, L. Okin, G.S., Wang, J. and H. Epstein. 2007. Predicting leaf and canopy N15 compositions from reflectance spectra. Geophysical Research Letters. 34: Art. No. L02401.   

Wise, M. J. 2007. Evolutionary ecology of resistance to herbivory: an investigation of potential genetic constraints in the multiple-herbivore community of Solanum carolinense. New Phytologist 175:773-784.

Wise, M. J. 2007. The herbivores of horsenettle, Solanum carolinense, in northern Virginia: natural history and damage assessment. Southeastern Naturalist 6:505-522.

Wise, M. J., and J. J. Cummins. 2007. Herbivory as an agent of natural selection for floral-sex ratio in horsenettle (Solanum carolinense). Evolutionary Ecology Research 9:1319-1328.   

Cane, J. H., R. L. Minckley, L. J. Kervin, T. H. Roulston, and N. M. Williams. 2006. Complex responses within a desert bee guild (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) to urban habitat fragmentation. Ecological Applications 16:632-644.   

Carr, D.E., J.F. Murphy, and M.D. Eubanks. 2006. Genetic variation and covariation for resistance and tolerance to Cucumber mosaic virus in Mimulus guttatus (Phrymaceae): a test for costs and contraints. Heredity 96: 29-38

Emanuel, R.E., J.D. Albertson, H.E. Epstein, and C.A. Williams. 2006. Carbon dioxide fluxes across the temporal transition from agriculture to early succession. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences: 111, G01011, doi:10.1029/2005JG000069

Franklin, M. A., J. M. Stucky, T. R. Wentworth, C. Brownie, and T. H. Roulston. 2006. Limitations to fruit and seed production by Lysimachia asperulifolia Poir. (Primulaceae), a rare plant species of the Carolinas. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 133:403-411.   

Minckley, R. L., and T. H. Roulston. 2006. Incidental mutualisms and pollen specialization among bees. Pages 69-98 in N. M. Waser and J. Ollerton, editors. Plant-pollinator interactions: from specialization to generalization. Chicago Press, Chicago.  

Wise, M. J., and J. J. Cummins. 2006. Strategies of Solanum carolinense for regulating maternal investment in response to foliar and floral herbivory. Journal of Ecology 94:629-636.

Cane, J. H., R. Minckley, L. Kervin, and T. Roulston. 2005. Temporally persistent patterns of incidence and abundance in a pollinator guild at annual and decadal scales: the bees of Larrea tridentata. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85:319-329.

Dudash, M.R., C.J. Murren, and D.E. Carr. 2005. Using Mimulus as a model system to understand the role of inbreeding in conservation: genetic and ecological approaches. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92:36-51.

Eubanks, M.D., D.E. Carr, and J.F. Murphy. 2005. Defense against multiple enemies: Variation in response to herbivore and virus attack by Mimulus guttatus (Scrophulariaceae). Evolutionary Biology 19:15-27.

Eubanks, M.D., D.E. Carr, and J.F. Murphy. 2005. Effects of virus infection of Mimulus guttatus (Phrymaceae) on host plant quality for meadow spittlebugs, Philaenus spumarius (Hemiptera: Cercropidae). Environmental Entomology 34:891-898.

Hull-Sanders, H., D.E. Carr, M.D. Eubanks. 2005. Inbreeding depression and selfing rate of Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula (Convolvulaceae). American Journal of Botany 92: 1871-1877.

Ivey, C.T., and D.E. Carr. 2005. Effects of herbivory and inbreeding on the pollinators and mating system of Mimulus guttatus (Phrymaceae). American Journal of Botany 92: in press.  

Kang, S. 2005. Microbial community control factors. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Priest, A.C. 2005. Native grass restoration in Virginia. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Riedel, S.M., and H.E. Epstein. 2005. Edge effects on vegetation and soils in a Virginia old-field. Plant and Soil 270:13-22.

Roulston, T. H. 2005. Pollen as a Reward. Pages 236-260 in A. Dafni, P. G. Kevan, and B. C. Husband, editors. Practical Pollination Biology. Enviroquest, Cambridge, Canada.   

Shaner, P-J.L. 2005. The ecology of omnivory in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Shuler, R. E., T. H. Roulston, and G. E. Farris. 2005. Farming practices influence wild pollinator populations on squash and pumpkins. Journal of Economic Entomology 98:790-795.

Bowne, D.R., and H. White. 2004. Searching strategy of Chrysemys picta (painted turtle) across spatial scale. Animal Behaviour

Ivey, C.T., D.E. Carr, and M.D. Eubanks. 2004. Effects of Inbreeding in Mimulus guttatus on tolerance to herbivory in natural environments. Ecology 85 567-574.    

Kang, S., and A.L. Mills. 2004. Soil bacterial community structure changes following disturbance of the overlying plant community. Soil Science 169:55-65.    

Ries, L.P. 2004. Inbreeding depression and phenotypic plasticity in Mimulus ringens (Scrophulariaceae), a wetland species native to Virginia. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.  

Bowne, D.R. 2003. Interpond movement patterns of Chrysemys picta picta (eastern painted turtle) in Virginia. Chelonian Conservation Biology 4:739-741.

Bowne, D.R., and M.A. Bowers. 2003. Interpatch movements in spatially structured populations: a literature review. Landscape Ecology 19:1-20.

Carr, D.E., and M.R. Dudash. 2003. Recent approaches into the genetic basis of inbreeding depression in plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 358:1071-1084.   

Carr, D.E., J.F. Murphy, and M.D. Eubanks. 2003. The response of inbred and outbred Mimulus guttatus to infection by Cucumber mosaic virus. Evolutionary Ecology 17: 85-103.

Emanuel, R.E. 2003. Environmental controls on carbon dioxide exchange over a succession land surface. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

Haddad, N., D.R. Bowne, A. Cunningham, B. Danielson, D. Levey, S. Sargent, and T. Spira. 2003. Corridor use by diverse taxa. Ecology 84:609-615.

Ivey, C.T., P. Martinez, and R. Wyatt. 2003. Variation in pollinator effectiveness in swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata (Apocynaceae). American Journal of Botany 90:214-225.   

Johnson, L.M.K. 2003. Gene flow, pollen competition, and introgression among cultivated and wild populations of Lobelia cardinalis. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Biology, UVA.

Kennedy, T.L. 2003. The effects of rising nitrate levels on low nutrient ecosystems. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Loeb, M.L.G. 2003. The evolution of egg dumping in a subsocial insect. The American Naturalist 161:129-142.     

Roulston, T. H., G. Buczkowski, and J. Silverman. 2003. Nestmate discrimination in ants: effect of bioassay on aggressive behavior. Insectes Sociaux 50:151-159. 

Wise, M.J. 2003. The ecological genetics of plant resistance to herbivory: Evolutionary constraints imposed by a multiple herbivore community. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Biology, Duke University.

Bentz, S.E., L.G.H. Riedel, M.R. Pooler, and A.M. Townsend. 2002. Hybridization and self-compatibility in controlled pollinations of eastern North American and Asian hemlocks (Tsuga) species. Journal of Arboriculture 28:200-205.

Bowne, D.R. 2002. Chrysemys picta picta (eastern painted turtle) predation. Herpetological Review 33:132.    

Bowne, D.R. 2002. Linking individual behavior to population processes at the landscape level. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA

Carr, D.E., and M.D. Eubanks. 2002. Inbreeding alters resistance to insect herbivory and host plant quality in Mimulus guttatus (Scrophulariaceae). Evolution 56: 22-30.

Hoffman, R.L. 2002. Spiders of the family Anyphaenidae in Virginia (Arachnida: Araneida). Banisteria 19:9-16.   

Lawrence, A.P. and M.A. Bowers. 2002. A test of the hot mustard extraction method of sampling earthworms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34:549-552.

Roulston, T. H., and J. H. Cane. 2002. The effect of pollen protein concentration on body size in the sweat bee Lasioglossum zephyrum (Hymenoptera: Apiformes). Evolutionary Ecology 16:49-65.   

Roulston, T. H., and J. Silverman. 2002. The effect of food size and dispersion pattern on retrieval rate by the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 15:633-648.  

Smith, D.R., and M.N. Schiff. 2002. A review of the siricid woodwasps and their ibaliid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Siricidae, Ibaliidae) in the eastern United States, with emphasis on the mid-Atlantic region. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 104:174-194.

Wise, M.J., and A. Weinberg. 2002. Prior flea beetle herbivory affects larval performance and adult oviposition patterns of a potato beetle on their shared host plant. Ecological Entomology 27:115-122.    

Wise, M.J., and J. Cummins. 2002. Nonfruiting hermaphroditic flowers as reserve ovaries in Solanum carolinense. American Midland Naturalist 148:236-245.    

Wohl, D. L., and D.R. Bowne. 2002. Collected thoughts on negotiating for a position in academia. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 129-130.

Wright, D. 2002. Firs in the southeastern United States. Conifer Quarterly 19:73-76.    

Loeb, M.L.G. 2001. Evolution of cooperation in an egg dumping insect. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, UNC, Chapel Hill.

Matter, S.F. 2001. The effects of above and below ground herbivory by Tetraopes tetraophthalmus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on the growth and reproduction of Asclepias syriaca (Asclepidacae). Environmental Entomology 30:333-338.

Mitchell, R.D. W.R. Hofstra, and E.F. Connor. 2001. Reconstruction of the colonial environment of the upper Chesapeake watershed. pages 167-190. in Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem. P.D. Curtin, G.S. Brush, and G.W. Fisher, editors. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Olien, M.E. 2001. Science explorations: learning on the informal/nonformal/formal Continuum. Public Garden 16 (3):24-27.

Roulston, T. H., and J. H. Cane. 2001. The effect of diet breadth and nesting ecology on body size variation in bees (Apiformes). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 73:129-142.

Carr, D.E., and L.E. Banas. 2000. Dogwood anthracnose (Discula destructiva): Effects of and consequences for host (Cornus florida) demography. American Midland Naturalist 143:169-177.   

Connor, E.F., A.C. Courtney, and J.M. Yoder. 2000. Individuals-area relationships: the relationship between animal population density and area. Ecology 81:734-748.    

Lawrence, A. P. 2000. Spatial Ecology of Earthworms: investigating patterns of earthworm distribution and abundance across a range of habitat types and spatial scales. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

Loeb, M.L.G., L.M. Diener, and D.W. Pfennig. 2000. Egg-dumping lace bugs preferentially oviposit with kin. Animal Behaviour 59:379-383.

Matter, S.F. 2000. The importance of the density-area relationship. Oikos 86:613-619.

Pooler, M.R., L.G.H. Riedel. S.E. Bentz, and A.M. Townsend. 2002. Molecular markers used to verify interspecific hybridization between hemlock (Tsuga) species. Journal of the American Soceity of Horticultural Science 127:623-627.    

Roulston, T. H., and J. H. Cane. 2000. Pollen nutritional content and digestibility for animals. Plant Systematics and Evolution 222:187-209.

Roulston, T. H., and S. L. Buchmann. 2000. A phylogenetic reconsideration of the pollen starch-pollination correlation. Evolutionary Ecology Research 2:627-643.

Roulston, T. H., J. H. Cane, and S. L. Buchmann. 2000. What governs the protein content of pollen: pollinator preferences, pollen-pistil interactions, or phylogeny? Ecological Monographs 70:617-643.

Bowers, M.A. and G. W. Barrett. 1999. Synthesis: A Review of the Science and Prescriptions for the Future. Pages 313-338 in G.W. Barrett and J. Peles, editors. The ecology of small mammals at the landscape level: an experimental approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.  

Bowers, M.A. and J.L. Dooley, Jr. 1999. A controlled hierarchical study of habitat fragmentation: responses at the individual, patch and landscape scale. Landscape Ecology 14:381-389.  

Bowers, M.A. and J.L. Dooley, Jr. 1999. EMS studies at the individual, patch and landscape scale: designing landscapes to measure scale-specific responses to fragmentation. Pages 147-174 in G.W. Barrett and L. Peles, editors. The ecology of small mammals at the landscape level: experimental approaches. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Connor, E.F., J.M. Yoder, and J. May. 1999. Density-related predation by the Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis, on the leaf-mining moth, Cameraria hamadryadella, at three spatial scales. Oikos 87:105-112.  

Holt, R. and M.A. Bowers. 1999. Design of Experiments at the Landscape Scale: Pages 263-286 in G.W. Barrett and J. Peles, editors. The ecology of small mammals at the landscape level: an experimental approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.  

Ivey, C.T., and R. Wyatt. 1999. Family outcrossing rates and neighborhood floral density in natural populations of swamp milkweed (Ascelpias incarnata): potential statistical artifacts. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 98:1063-1071.

Ivey, C.T., S.R. Lipow, and R. Wyatt. 1999. The mating system and infertility of swamp milkweed (Ascelpias incarnata ssp. incarnata and ssp. pulchra). Heredity 82:25-35.

Lipow S.R., S.B. Broyles, and R. Wyatt. 1999. Population differences in self-fertility in the self-incompatible milkweed Asclepias exaltata (Asclepiadaceae). American Journal of Botany 86: 1114-1120.   

Matter, S.F., J.B. Landry, A.M. Greco, and C.D. LaCourse. 1999. Importance of floral phenology and florivory for Tetraopes tetraophthalmus (Coleptera: Cerambycidae): tests at the population and individual level. Environmental Entomology 28:1044-1051.   

Sacchi, C.F. and E.F. Connor. Changes in reproduction and architecture in flowering dogwood, Cornus florida L. after attack by the dogwood club gall, Reselliela clavula (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Oikos 86:138-146.  

Dudash, M.R. and D.E. Carr. 1998. Genetics underlying inbreeding depression in Mimulus with contrasting matings systems. Nature 393:682-684.   

Ivey, C.T. 1998. The mating system and pollination ecology of swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata L.). Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Botany, University of Georgia.

Matter, S.F. 1998. The effects of habitat variability on host plant-herbivore interactions in a heterogeneous landscape. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of.Environmental Sciences, UVA.  

Bowers, M.A. 1997. Influence of deer and other factors on an old-field plant community: an eight year exclosure study. Pages 310-326 in W.J. McShea, H. Brian, Underwood, and J. Rappole, editors. Effects of deer on forests in the Eastern United States. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C..    

Bowers, M.A. 1997. Special Feature: mammalian landscape ecology. Journal of Mammalogy 78:997-998.

Bowers, M.A. 1997. Field station overview: The Blandy Experimental Farm. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 78:220-225.

Bowers, M.A. and S.F. Matter. 1997. Landscape analyses of density-patch size relationships in mammals: a review of the literature. Journal of Mammalogy 78:999-1013.

Brown, J.L., S. Vargo, E.F. Connor, and M.S. Nuckols. 1997. Causes of vertical stratification in the density of Cameraria hamadryadella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Ecological Entomology 22:16-25.  

Carr, D.E., and M.R. Dudash. 1997. The effects of five generations of enforced selfing on potential male and female function in Mimulus guttatus. Evolution 51:1797-1807.    

Connor, E.F., E. Hosfield, D. Meeter, and X. Nui. 1997. Tests for aggregation and size-based sample-unit selection when sample units vary in size. Ecology 78:1238-1249.

Dooley, J.L. and M.A. Bowers. 1997. Demographic responses to habitat fragmentation: experimental tests at the landscape and patch scale. Ecology 79:969-980.

Matter, S.F. 1997. Population density and area: the role of within and between patch processes. Oecologia 110:533-538.

Matter, S.F. 1999. Population density and area: the role of within- and between generation processes over time. Ecological Modeling 118: 261-275.

Bowers, M.A. 1996. Species as indicators of large-scale environmental change: a computer simulation model of population decline. Ecoscience 3:502-511.   

Bowers, M.A., and B. Breland. 1996. Foraging of gray squirrels on a urban-rural gradient: use of the GUD to assess anthropogenic impact. Ecological Applications 6:1135-1142.   

Bowers, M.A., K. Gregario, C. Brame, S.F. Matter, and J.L. Dooley, Jr. 1996. Use of space and habitats by meadow voles at the home range, patch and landscape scales. Oecologia 105:107-115.

Bowers, M.A., S.F. Matter, J.L. Dooley, J. L. Dauten, and J.L. Simkins. 1996. Controlled experiments of habitat fragmentation: a simple model and a field test using small mammals. Oecologia 108:182-191. 

Connor, E.F. and M.P. Taverner. 1996. The evolution and adaptive significance of the leaf-mining habit. Oikos 79:6-25.

Dooley, J. L. and M. A. Bowers. 1996. Patch attributes and microhabitat as influences on the demography of two old-field rodents. Oikos 75:453-462.

Dooley, J.L., and R.D. Dueser. 1996. Experimental tests of nest-site competition in two Peromyscus species. Oecologia 105:81-86.  

Flanagan, C.A. 1996. Reporting from dockside: public gardens and schools. AABGA Newsletter 254:5-6.  

Matter, S.F. 1996. Interpatch movement of the red milkweed beetle, Tetraopes tetraophthalmus: individual responses to patch size and isolation. Oecologia 105:447-453.   

Matter, S.F., J.S. Zawacki, and M.A. Bowers. 1996. Habitat fragmentation and the perceived and actual risk of predation. Virginia Journal of Science 42:19-27. 

Seal, L. 1996. Response of meadow voles to edge habitat: differences in runway geometry. Senior Thesis. Shenandoah University.   

Wise, M.J. and C.F. Sacchi. 1996. Impact of two specialist insect herbivores on reproduction of horse nettle, Solanum carolinense. Oecologia 108:328-337.    

Yoder, J.M., J.L. Dooley, Jr., J.F. Zawacki, & M.A. Bowers. 1996. Female aggression in Microtus pennsylvanicus: arena encounters in the field. American Midland Naturalist 135:1-8.  

Amstutz, L.J. 1995. Insect responses to plant water deficits: the effect of water deficits in soybean plants on the feeding preference, growth, and survival of Melanophis differantidlis and M. femuerusrum (Orthoptera: Acrididae). M.S.Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA. 

Auerbach, M.J., E.F. Connor, and S. Mopper. 1995. Minor miners and major miners: population dynamics of latent and eruptive leaf-mining insects. Pages 83-110 in N. Cappucino and P.W. Price, editors. Population dynamics: new approaches and synthesis. Academic Press, New York.

Bowers, M.A. 1995. Species as indicators of large-scale environmental change: a computer simulation model of population decline. Pages 123-138 in Environmental sciences and engineering fellows programs reports. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C. 

Bowers, M.A. 1995. Use of space and microhabitats by the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus. Journal of Mammalogy 76:12-21.

Cyrus, A. 1995. Within and between home range movement patterns of small mammals: landscape versus species effects. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Dauten, J.L. 1995. Intra-specific patterns of association of Peromyscus leucopus and Microtus pennsylvanicus in an old field. M.S. Thesis. Department of Evironmental Sciences, UVA.   

Johnson, L.M.K. 1995. The ecotype concept in an applied ecological context--The biology of three native ornamental plant species: Lobelia cardinalis, Penstemon digitalis and Rudbeckia hirta. M.S.Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Marsh, D.M. 1995. Patch boundary flight behavior of the Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestes. Environmental Entomology 24: 1515:1519.   

Nuckols, M.S. and E.F. Connor. 1995. Do trees in urban or ornamental plantings receive more damage by insects than trees in natural forests? Environmental Entomology 20:253-260.

Pollard, S.D., M.W. Beck, and G.Dodson. 1995. Why do male crab spiders drink nectar? Animal Behavior 49:1443-1448.    

Simkins, J.A. 1995. Use of microhabitat and habitat by two small mammals: a hierarchical examination at the level of individuals. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Bowers, M.A. 1994. Dynamics of age- and habitat-structured populations. Oikos 69:327-333.

Connor, E.F. and M. Cargain. 1994. Density-related foraging behavior in Closterocerus tricinctus, a parastitoid of the leaf-mining month, Cameraria hamadryadella. Ecological Entomology 19:327-334.  

Connor, E.F., R.H. Adams-Manson, T.G. Carr, and M.W. Beck. 1994. The effects of host plant phenology on the demography and population dynamics of the leaf-mining month, Cameraria hamadryadella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidea). Ecological Entomology 119:111-120.

English, E.I. and M.A. Bowers. 1994. Vegetation mosaics and proximity to woodchuck (Marmota monax) burrows in a Virginia old field. Journal of Mammalogy 75:775-780.

Flanagan, C.A. 1994. Education Update. AABGA Newsletter 237:6.

Green, E.V. 1994. Inverse density dependence in insect parasitoids: the role of competing sources of mortality and parasitoid foraging behavior. Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Halama, K. and R.D. Dueser. 1994. Of mice and habitats: tests of density dependent habitat selection. Oikos 69:107-114.  

Smith, D.R. 1994. Nepionema, A nematine sawfly genus new to North America, and an unusual new species of Nematus (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Proceedings of the Entolomological Society of Washington 96:133-138.

Bowers, M.A. 1990. From seeds to weeds to trees: tales of a successional plant community. The Virginia Explorer 6:8-11.    

Bowers, M.A. 1993. Influence of herbivorous mammals on an old-field plant community: years 1 - 4 following disturbance. Oikos 67:129-141.

Bowers, M.A. 1993. Influence of herbivorous mammals on an old-field plant community: years 1 - 4 following disturbance. Oikos 67:129-141. Bowers, M.A. 1993. Use of space and habitats by individuals and populations: dynamics and risk assessment. Pages 109-122 in R.J. Kendall and T.E. Lacher, editors. Wildlife toxicology and population modeling: Integrated studies of agroecosystems. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, FL.

Bowers, M.A. and A. Ellis. 1993. Load size variation in the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus: the importance of distance from burrow and canopy cover. Ethology 94:72-82.   

Bowers, M.A. and J.L. Dooley, Jr. 1993. Predation hazard and seed removal by small mammals: microhabitat versus patch scale effects. Oecologia 94:247-254.  

Bowers, M.A., and L.C. Harris. 1993. A large-scale metapopulation model of interspecific competition and environmental change. Ecological Modeling 72:251-273.    

Bowers, M.A., and R.L. Adams-Manson. 1993 Information and patch exploitation strategies of the eastern chipmunk. Ethology 95:299-308.

Bowers, M.A., J.J. Jefferson, and M. Keubler. 1993. Variation in giving-up densities of foraging chipmunks (Tamias striatus) and squirrels (Sciurus carolinense). Oikos 66:229-236.  

Connor, E.F. and M.W. Beck. 1993. Density related mortality in a population of Cameraria hamadryadella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) at epidemic and endemic densities. Oikos 66:515-525.

Courtney, A. 1993. The relationship between faunal density and area: applications to designing nature reserves. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

Dodson, G. and M.W. Beck. 1993. Pre-copulatory guarding of penultimate females by male crab spiders, Misumenoides formosipes. Animal Behavior 46:951-959.    

Dooley, J.L., Jr. 1993. Patch dynamics and disturbance in an old-field small mammal community. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of. Environmental Sciences, UVA.

English, E.I. 1993. Spatial organization of two woodchuck (Marmota monax) populations in Virginia. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

Matter, S.F. 1993. Patch population dynamics of the red milkweed beetle, Tetraopes tetraophthalmus. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA. 

Pollard, S.D. 1993. Little Murderers. Natural History 102:58-65.   

Porter, J. H. and J. L. Dooley. 1993. Animal dispersal patterns: a reassessment of simple mathematical models. Ecology 74:2436-2443. 

Beck, M.W. and E.F. Connor. 1992. Factors effecting the reproductive success of the crab spider Misumenoides formosipes: the covariance between juvenile and adult foraging. Oecologia 92:287-295.

Bowers, M.A. and T.G. Carr. 1992. Home range adjustments accompanying breeding in the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus. International Journal of Mammalian Biology 57:288-293.  

Feldman, R.S. and E.F. Connor. 1992. The relationship between pH and community structure of invertebrates in streams of the Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, USA. Freshwater Biology 27:261-295.

Nuckols, M. 1992. Urban forestry/insect interactions: the question of increased susceptibility to insect attack in urban plantings. Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences. UVA.  

Priest, M. 1992. Root-based ecological phenomena in a root-propagated clonal plant. Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

Taverner, M.P. 1992. Population dynamics of Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar, Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) nuclear polyhedrosis virus and its relationship to epizootic development. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Taverner, M.P. and E.F. Connor. 1992. An optical enumeration technique for the detection of baculoviruses in the environment. Environmental Entomology 15:433-445.    

Bowers, M.A. and C.F. Sacchi. 1991. Fungal mediation of a plant-herbivore interaction in an early successional plant community. Ecology 72:1032-1037.   

Bowers, M.A. and J.L. Dooley, Jr. 1991. Landscape composition and the outcome and intensity of two-species competition. Oikos 60: 180-186.

Connor, E.F. 1991. Colonization, survival, and causes of mortality of Cameraria hamadryadella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) on four species of host plants. Ecological Entomology 16:315-322.

Connor, E.F. 1991. In situ conservation of genetic resources: a commentary. Pages 77-82 in G.H. Orians, G.M. Brown, W.E. Kunin, and J.E. Swierzbinski, editors. The preservation and valuation of biological resources. Univ. Washington Press, Seattle, WA.  

Keating, S.T., J.S. Elkinton, J.P. Burand, J.D. Podgwaite, and C.S. Ferguson. 1991. Field evaluation of an DNA hybridization assay for nuclear polyhedrosis in gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar, Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology 84:1329-1333.

Sacchi, C.F. 1991. The nature and role of research at botanic gardens. Public Garden 6:33-35.  

Smith, D.R. 1991. A new Aulacus (Hymenoptera: Gasteruptionidae: Aulacinae) from Virginia. Entomological News 102:187-191.    

Smith, M.P. and E. M. Barrows. 1991. Effects of larval case size and host plant species on case internal temperature in the bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Hawthorn) (Lepidoptera: Psychidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 93:834-838.   

Waller, D.A. 1991. Feeding by Reticulitermes spp. Sociobiology 19:91-100.    

Wise, M. J. 1991. Impact of two specialist insect herbivores on reproduction of horsenettle, Solanum carolinense. Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Beck, M.W. 1990. Factors affecting the reproductive success of the crab spider, Misumenoides formosipes: the relationship between juvenile foraging, adult size, and reproduction. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.     

Bowers, M.A., D.N. Welch, and T.G. Carr. 1990. Home range size adjustments in response to natural and manipulated water availability in the Eastern Chipmunk, Tamias striatus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:2016-2020.

Carr, T.G. 1990. Indirect competition: the effect of within leaf herbivory by the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) on the survival of a leaf minor (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.    

McQuate, G.T. and E.F. Connor. 1990. Insect responses to plant water deficits: II. Effects of water deficits in soybean plants on the growth and survival of Mexican bean beetle larvae. Ecological Entomology 15:433-445.  

McQuate, G.T., and E.F. Connor. 1990. Insect responses to plant water deficits: I. Effects of water deficits in soybeans plants on the feeding preference of Mexican bean beetle larvae. Ecological Entomology 15:419-431.  

Smith, M.P. 1990. Effects of larval case size, host plant species, and ambient temperature on case internal temperature in the bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Lepidotera: Psycidae). Senior Honor Thesis. Department of Biology. Georgetown University.  

Athey, L.A. and E.F. Connor. 1989. The relationship between foliar nitrogen content and feeding by the locust leaf miner (Dontota dorsalis Thun.) on black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Oecologia 79:390-394.   

Bowers, M.A. 1989. Plant succession studies at the Blandy Experimental Farm. The Virginia Explorer 5:10-12. 

Goodell, H.G. and R.P. LoCastro. 1989. The effect of agricultural chemicals on groundwater quality in the northern Shendandoah Valley, Virginia. Pages 125-144 in Proceedings of ground water issues and solutions in the Potomac River Basin/Chesapeake Bay Region. George Washington University Press, Washington, D.C.    

Halama, K. 1989. Of mice and habitats. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA. 

Wyatt, R., S.B. Broyles, and G. S. Derda. 1989. Environmental influences on nectar production: a pilot study using milkweeds and various bagging materials. American Journal of Botany 76:132.  

Connor, E.F. 1988. Cohort and death assemblage estimates of the survival and mortality of Brachys ovatus (Weber) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). American Midland Naturalist 120:150-155.  

Connor, E.F. 1988. Plant water deficits and insect responses: the preference of Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera: Tingidae) for the foliage of white oaks (Quercus alba L.). Ecological Entomology 13:375-381. 

Connor, E.F. 1988. Fossils, phenetics, and phylogenetics: Inferring the historical dynamics of biogeographic distributions. Pages 254-269 in J. Liebherr, editor. Historical biogeography of Caribbean insects. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY. 

LoCastro, R.P. 1988. The influence of geology and agriculture on ground water quality in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia. M.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Sciences, UVA.

Waller, D.A. 1988. Host selection in subterranean termites: factors affecting choice. Sociobiology 14:5-13.    

Connor, E.F. and M.A. Bowers. 1987. Spatial consequences of interspecific competition. Annales Zoologici Fennici 24:213-226.

Smith, D.R. and E.M. Barrows. 1987. Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) in urban environments in the Washington, D.C. area. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 89:147-156.  

Connor, E.F. 1986. The role of Pleistocene forest refugia in the evolution and biogeography of tropical biotas. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1: 165-168.  

Connor, E.F. 1986. Time series analysis of the fossil record. Pages 119-147 in D.M. Raupp and D. Jablonski, editors. Pattern and process in the history of life. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Connor, E.F. and D. Simberloff. 1986. Competition, scientific method, and null hypotheses in ecology. American Scientist 74:155-162.    

Dueser, R.D., H.H. Shugart, Jr., and E.F. Connor. 1986. The dynamic landscape approach to habitat management. Pages 106-113 in D.L. Kulhavy and R.N. Connor, editors. Wilderness and natural areas in eastern United States: a management challenge. Austin State Univ Press, Nacogodoches, TX.  

McQuate, G.T., P.F. Germann, and E.F. Connor. 1986. Soybean cell sap response to water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology 125:105-114.

Wake, D.B., E.F. Connor, A.J. de Ricqles, J. Dzic, D.C. Fisher, S.J. Gould, M. LaBarbera, D.A. Meeter, V. Mosbrugger, W.E. Reif, R.M. Rieger, A. Seilacher, G.P. Wagner. 1986. Directions in the history of life. Pages 47-67 in D.M. Raup and D. Jablonski, editors. Pattern and Process in the History of Life. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.